Present Perfect Continuous Tense
|I have been singing|
How do we make the Present Perfect Continuous Tense?The structure of the present perfect continuous tense is:
|subject||+||auxiliary verb||+||auxiliary verb||+||main verb|
|been||base + ing|
|subject||auxiliary verb||auxiliary verb||main verb|
|+||I||have||been||waiting||for one hour.|
ContractionsWhen we use the present perfect continuous tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and the first auxiliary. We also sometimes do this in informal writing.
|I have been||I've been|
|You have been||You've been|
|He has been|
She has been
It has been
John has been
The car has been
The car's been
|We have been||We've been|
|They have been||They've been|
- I've been reading.
- The car's been giving trouble.
- We've been playing tennis for two hours.
How do we use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense?This tense is called the present perfect continuous tense. There is usually a connection with the present or now. There are basically two uses for the present perfect continuous tense:
|I'm tired because I've been running.|
|Recent action.||Result now.|
- I'm tired [now] because I've been running.
- Why is the grass wet [now]? Has it been raining?
- You don't understand [now] because you haven't been listening.
|I have been reading for 2 hours.|
|Action started in past.||Action is continuing now.|
- I have been reading for 2 hours. [I am still reading now.]
- We've been studying since 9 o'clock. [We're still studying now.]
- How long have you been learning English? [You are still learning now.]
- We have not been smoking. [And we are not smoking now.]
For and Since with Present Perfect Continuous TenseWe often use for and since with the present perfect tense.
- We use for to talk about a period of time - 5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years.
- We use since to talk about a point in past time - 9 o'clock, 1st January, Monday.
|a period of time||a point in past time|
|a long time||I left school|
|ever||the beginning of time|
- I have been studying for 3 hours.
- I have been watching TV since 7pm.
- Tara hasn't been feeling well for 2 weeks.
- Tara hasn't been visiting us since March.
- He has been playing football for a long time.
- He has been living in Bangkok since he left school.